Decentralization tends to be associated with blockchain. But blockchain is a distributed ledger powered by a peer-to-peer network. What it means is that decentralization is made possible by peer-to-peer protocols that allow multiple devices to receive and distribute information instead of relying on a central server. Decentralized protocols can be applied for different use cases: financial transactions, file sharing, social media platforms, and you guessed it, emailing. In a decentralized architecture, computers - also called peers - are equally privileged participants in the network. They are both clients and servers at the same time.
But what does it actually mean?
Instead of downloading a file from a central server, a peer can request the file from other peers connected to the network, while sending it to other devices asking for it. It's a two-way road! The advantages are:
- Equalitarian networks.
- No single point of failure
- Increases scalability
Telios uses a decentralized peer-to-peer network called Hypercore Protocol to send emails from one device to another without the need for a central server. This architecture gives users the peace of mind their data is private and only being read by the recipient. To ensure complete privacy, data needs to be encrypted when being sent over the network. Found more about it here (link).